Despite the substantial heterogeneity among studies, this comprehensive systematic review on the prevalence and incidence of tinnitus suggests that tinnitus affects more than 740 million adults globally and is perceived as a major problem by more than 120 million people, mostly aged 65 years or older. Health policy makers should consider the global burden of tinnitus, and greater effort should be devoted to boost research on tinnitus7.

What is tinnitus?

The term tinnitus comes from the Latin word tinnire, which means “to ring.” Individuals experiencing tinnitus report an unspecified acoustic sound like ringing, but also buzzing, clicking, pulsations, and other noises.1 Tinnitus is considered a symptom of an underlying condition, rather than a disease, and it refers to the perception of sounds in the head or ears when no corresponding external sounds are present.2,3 A severe form of tinnitus is associated with hearing loss, thus impairing quality of life.4,5
Tinnitus that lasts only for a short time is acute, while longer-lasting tinnitus is chronic. According to estimates, about 20 million people are plagued with chronic ringing in the ear, while about 2 million experience extremely debilitating forms of the condition. As a result, your life quality can suffer greatly depending on how long you have been dealing with the annoyance of hearing sounds and how severe your case is. 
If the noises and sounds you hear can only be perceived by you, doctors refer to your condition as subjective tinnitus. Ninety-nine percent of tinnitus cases fall into this category. The remaining one percent is referred to as objective tinnitus, where others can also hear the noises. 
Unfortunately, there is no cure for tinnitus, but there are treatment options that can reduce your symptoms and make them less burdensome on your life.  

What causes tinnitus?

Although it is difficult to say what caused ringing in the ear in your case, here are the leading causes of tinnitus: 
  • exposure to loud noise (exposure, music, gunshot)
  • medication side effect
  • age-related hearing loss
  • earwax blockage
  • neurological disorders
  • bone degeneration in the middle ear
  • TMJ disorders
  • upper respiratory infection, COVID-19, etc. 

How is hearing loss connected to tinnitus?

An audiologist is the best person to determine whether you also suffer from hearing loss in addition to tinnitus symptoms. If you have hearing loss, neuroplastic changes occur in the brain, affecting how your brain processes the various frequencies.
Since hearing loss reduces your ability to hear external sounds, this alone can amplify the sounds you hear due to your tinnitus. In addition, having hearing loss - either age-related or other types - and tinnitus simultaneously makes it very challenging to communicate. But don't get discouraged, as hearing aids for tinnitus can be particularly helpful. 

How can hearing aids help with tinnitus?

Tinnitus hearing aids can offer significant tinnitus relief. They do so in multiple ways. For instance, hearing aids shift your attention away from the tinnitus sounds by amplifying the external sounds that you hear. Other hearing aids help tinnitus patients by introducing soothing sounds and white noise into the ear.

This strategy is called tinnitus masking, and many people find it quite effective. Tinnitus-masking sounds are typically either built into the device or can be programmed with the help of an app. 
young man with hearing aid
Habituation is another technique that some hearing aids and sound therapy may use. This exciting method is used to retrain the brain and teach it to classify tinnitus sounds as non-significant. This strategy helps tinnitus patients ignore the annoying tinnitus sounds and focus on sounds generated externally.
To help you choose the best possible hearing aids for tinnitus, here are a few pointers to keep in mind:
  • Ensure that the hearing aid you are considering is registered with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a medical device. 
  • Do your research and read online reviews about the brands that you are evaluating. 
  • Choose a brand that has a positive reputation and one that has built-in technology to offer tinnitus symptom relief.
  • Understand the difference between devices with rechargeable batteries and ones with disposable batteries. Then, choose a hearing aid that suits your needs the best. 
  • Hearing aid for tinnitus come in many shapes ad types. Some people prefer the behind-the-ear models, while others look for in-ear types. 

What are other tinnitus treatment options?

Sound Masking Devices

Sound masking devices are apps or devices that create ambient background noise, white noise, pink noise, or nature sounds. Many people with tinnitus add these devices to their homes to help mask the ringing in the ear, offering a way to relax and temporarily retrieve from the condition. 

In the traditional sense, sound masking devices have been table-top or bedside devices with programmed sound options. However, it is important to note that any sound-producing device can be used as a means to mask sounds, such as TV, radio, and even your computer. Ceiling fans are also a great alternative. 
The biggest disadvantage of sound masking devices is that they only work during or immediately after use. Unfortunately, they do not offer longer-term tinnitus symptom relief. 

First things first, get a hearing test done. Based on the results, your hearing professional will help you determine if getting a hearing aid to relieve your tinnitus symptoms is the most beneficial for you. 
young audiologist
1  Langguth  B, Kreuzer  PM, Kleinjung  T, De Ridder  D.  Tinnitus: causes and clinical management.   Lancet Neurol. 2013;12(9):920-930. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(13)70160-1PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
2  Baguley  D, McFerran  D, Hall  D. Tinnitus.  Lancet. 2013;382(9904):1600-1607. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)60142-7PubMedCrossref
3  McCormack  A, Edmondson-Jones  M, Somerset  S, Hall  D.  A systematic review of the reporting of tinnitus prevalence and severity.   Hear Res. 2016;337:70-79. doi:10.1016/j.heares.2016.05.009PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
4  Lugo  A, Trpchevska  N, Liu  X,  et al.  Sex-specific association of tinnitus with suicide attempts.   JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(7):685-687. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0566
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5  Nondahl  DM, Cruickshanks  KJ, Dalton  DS,  et al.  The impact of tinnitus on quality of life in older adults.   J Am Acad Audiol. 2007;18(3):257-266. doi:10.3766/jaaa.18.3.7PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
6  Cianfrone  G, Mazzei  F, Salviati  M,  et al.  Tinnitus Holistic Simplified Classification (THoSC): a new assessment for subjective tinnitus, with diagnostic and therapeutic implications.   Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2015;124(7):550-560. doi:10.1177/0003489415570931PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
7  Carlotta M. Jarach, MSc1Alessandra Lugo, PhD1Marco Scala, MSc1; et alPiet A. van den Brandt, PhD2,3ChristopherR. Cederroth, PhD4,5,6Anna Odone, PhD7,8Werner Garavello, MD9Winfried Schlee, PhD10Berthold Langguth, MD10Silvano Gallus, PhD1 Global Prevalence and Incidence of TinnitusA Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.  Author Affiliations Article InformationJAMA Neurol. 2022;79(9):888-900. doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2022.2189
8  Hearing Aid Price Tracker - How much do hearing aids cost in 2024? By Abram Bailey, AuD Updated 03 January 2024 - Hearing Aid Price Tracker: What is the Cost in 2023? (